The Qur’an, Islam’s “Mighty Book”

The Holy Book the Muslims DO NOT Believe

“… if the Muslim rejects the Bible,” wrote Gnana Pragash Suresh, a priest for the Society of St. Pius X in Southern Africa, “he must also reject the Qur’an because it appeals to the Bible as God’s Word. On the other hand, if he accepts the Bible, he still must reject the Qur’an because it contradicts the Bible.”

“… the [Qur’an] is difficult to use as a historical source,” wrote Islamic scholar Professor Patricia Crone of Princeton University.  “The roots of this difficulty include unresolved questions about how it reached its classical form, and the fact that it still is not available in a scholarly edition.

“Modern scholars,” Crone continued, “usually assure themselves that since the Qur’an was recited from the start, we can rely on the oral tradition to supply us with the correct reading. But there is often considerable disagreement in the tradition ….”

The Bible, by contrast, has been shown to be a reliable historic document. The key figures, places, and events have been verified by other historical documents and archeological discoveries. Virtually no scholar of the Bible doubts the veracity of its claims or contextual message.

The same cannot be said about the Qur’an. “… the Qur’an,” penned Crone, “is often highly obscure. Sometimes it uses expressions that were unknown even to the earliest exegetes [one who explains a text], or words that do not seem to fit entirely, though they can be made to fit more or less; sometimes it seems to give us fragments detached from a long-lost context; and the style is highly allusive.

“One explanation,” Crone offered, is “that the prophet formulated his message in the liturgical language current in the religious community in which he grew up, adapting and/or imitating ancient texts such as hymns, recitations, and prayers, which had been translated or adapted from another Semitic language in their turn.”

Muslims generally believe in the Bible, but believe that it was revealed to the Jews and Christians by Allah. In fact, although most Muslims tend to deny or downplay it, they are called to believe in the Bible, as well as in the prophets and apostles of the Bible, as commanded by the prophet Muhammad.

“Say: We believe in Allah and (in) that which had been revealed to us, and (in) that which was revealed to Ibrahim [Abraham] and to Ismail [Ishmael] and Ishaq [Isaac] and Yaqoub [Jacob] and the tribes [their descendants], and (in) that which was given to Musa [Moses] and Isa [Jesus] and (in) that which was given to the prophets from their Lord, we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.” (surah 2:136)

Muslims, however, are taught to take this verse differently. This verse, they say, proves that Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob, and even Moses and Jesus were, indeed, Muslims. This conclusion is reached despite the fact that Abraham preceded Muhammad and the birth of Islam by about 2,000 years. “When his [Abraham’s] Lord [Allah] said to him,” verse 131 of the same surah claims, “Be a Muslim, he said: I submit myself to the Lord of the worlds.” In verse 135 that follows, Jews and Christians are told to submit to the religion of Abraham, which is Islam. This was “revealed” during Muhammad’s Medina period when he was getting frustrated to the point of violence because the Jews and Christians were not accepting his mandate to convert to Islam. However, in three verses of the Qur’an—6:14, 163 and 39:12—it is revealed that Muhammad was to be the first to submit to Allah and Islam, and thus, become the first Muslim.

According to surah 3:49, Jesus could do nothing without Allah’s permission. Of course, Jesus’ disciples were also Muslims. “But when Isa perceived unbelief on their [the disciple’s] part, he said: Who will be myhelpers in Allah’s way? The disciples said: We are helpers (in the way) of Allah: We believe in Allah and bear witness that we are submitting ones.” Muhammad even revealed that Jesus himself proclaimed His faith in Allah. “And when Isa came with clear arguments, he said: I have come to you indeed with wisdom, and that I may make clear to you part of what you differ in; so be careful of (your duty to) Allah and obey me: Surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, therefore serve Him; this is the right path” (surah 43:63-64).

This is how easy it was for Muhammad to take what he wanted from the Jewish and Christian Scriptures and adapt it to his theology and declare that Jews and Christians were to do the same. After all, how could they resist him? Were not all the Jewish and Christian forefathers and spiritual leaders Muslims? Even Jesus was a Muslim.

“Surely We have revealed to you as We revealed to Nuh [Noah], and the prophets after him, and We revealed to Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq and Yaqoob and the tribes, and Isa and Ayub [Job] and Yunus [Jonah] and Haroun [Aaron] and Sulaiman [Solomon] and We gave to Dawood [David] Psalms.

“And (We sent) apostles We have mentioned to you before and apostles we have not mentioned to you; and to Musa, Allah addressed His Word, speaking (to him): (We sent) apostles as the givers of good news and as warners, so that people should not have to plea against Allah after the (coming of) apostles; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.” (surah 4:163-165)

Muhammad was not happy just to convert by his word the faithful of the Bible to Islam, but to be complete he had to convert the Bible to that which was revealed by Allah and not by Jehovah God of the Jews. “The revelation of the Book [Bible] is from Allah,” he decreed, “the Mighty, the Wise” (surah 46:2). Throughout the Qur’an there are verses that reveal that Allah and Allah alone ordained and revealed the Torah to Moses and the gospel to Jesus.

“Again, We gave the Book to Musa, Allah revealed to Muhammad, ‘to complete (Our blessings) on him who would do good (to others), and making plain all things and a guidance and a mercy, so that they should believe in the meeting of their Lord. And this is a Book We have revealed, blessed; therefore follow it and guard (against evil) that mercy may be shown to you.'” (surah 6:154-155)

Allah further revealed that the Gospels of Jesus Christ were his. “And We sent after them [the Old Testament prophets] in their footsteps Isa, son of Marium, verifying what was before him of the Taurat and We gave him the Injeel [Gospel] in which was guidance and light, and verifying what was before it of Taurat and a guidance and an admonition for those who guard (against evil). And the followers of the Injeel should have judged by what Allah revealed in it; and whoever did not judge by what Allah revealed, those are they that are the transgressors.” (surah 5:46-47)

“And most certainly We gave Musa the Book [Torah] and We sent apostles after him one after another; and We gave Isa, the son of Marium [Mary], clear arguments and strengthened him with the holy spirit….” (surah 2:87)

Indeed, Muhammad—as it was revealed to him by Allah—presents a great mystery here. If Allah, the revealer of the Qur’an, was also the one who revealed the Torah to Moses and the gospel to Jesus, then how come the Qur’an is in such great and constant conflict with the Word of God in both the Torah and gospel? And if Allah revealed the Torah and the gospel, how come Muhammad and his followers did not honor it and follow its teachings? Allah said that those who do not follow his teachings in the Torah and gospel are transgressors. If so, then Muhammad, Allah’s agent of “new” revelation, was chief among the transgressors.

Muhammad neither believed in nor followed much of the teachings in the Torah and practically none of the teachings of Jesus in the gospels.  Even today, despite their belief in the Bible, the Bible is forbidden to Muslims and banned in Muslim countries. This is quite a strange state of affairs for a people that are commanded by their own holy book to believe in the Bible (the message of the prophets and apostles in surahs 2:136, 285; 4:136, 163 and elsewhere). How can they believe in that which is forbidden to them? Could it be that the imams of Islam know that if the truth of the Bible were revealed to the Muslim faithful, Islam could no longer be spread across the world through deception, lies, and fear? Apparently, fear of the truth is pervasive in the Muslim community.

Excerpted from: Islam & Christianity: A Revealing Contrast (2009) by James F. Gauss.

For more on Islam, read Islam & Christianity: A Revealing Contrast, available on Amazon.com and other online booksellers.

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